This sawmill is known as a paltrok windmill: there were once 200 such windmills in the Zaan region. Paltrok mills have an open working floor on three sides and often have a dark, tar-covered body. When it needs to be turned to face the wind, the entire mill turns around on a ring of wooden rollers. This is why the paltrok rests on a base, unlike other types of windmill, in which only the cap turns around along with the sails. De Gekroonde Poelenburg was built in 1869 in Koog aan de Zaan. It replaced a windmill of a similar type, moved to make way for the Amsterdam-Alkmaar railway line. In 1904 the mill was forced to move again. This time to a place on De Gouw, a body of water in Zaandam-Oost. Finally, in 1963, it was again dismantled and reconstructed at Zaanse Schans.